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Thursday, July 16, 2020 | History

2 edition of Health risks of irrigation with untreated urban wastereater in the southern Punjab, Pakistan found in the catalog.

Health risks of irrigation with untreated urban wastereater in the southern Punjab, Pakistan

Sabiena Feenstra

Health risks of irrigation with untreated urban wastereater in the southern Punjab, Pakistan

by Sabiena Feenstra

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Published by Institute of Public Health, International Water Management Institute, Pakistan Program in Lahore .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. 13).

StatementSabiena Feenstra, Raheela Hussain, Wim van der Hoek
SeriesReport -- no. R-107
ContributionsHussain, Raheela, Hoek, Wim van der, Institute of Public Health (Lahore, Pakistan), International Irrigation Management Institute. Pakistan National Program
The Physical Object
Paginationv, 13 p. ;
Number of Pages13
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25116447M
LC Control Number2011314751

  Urban wastewater consists of sewageand industrial wastes that pose biological andchemical health risks for the irrigators andcommunities in prolonged contact with theuntreated wastewater, and for consumers ofcrops irrigated with an has a semi-arid to arid climateand is facing severe water-shortage in the contextof a rapidly expanding human population. Irrigation with untreated wastewater is especially an issue around bigger cities without proper sewage treatment, and - according to the study - particularly in China, India, Pakistan, Mexico and.

FEENSTRA S., HUSSAIN R., VAN DER HOEK W. Health risks of irrigation with untreated urban wastewater in the southern Punjab, Pakistan. SAMINA K., MEHMOOD K. Agricultural Use of Untreated Urban Wastewater in Pakistan.   However, most farmers rely on wastewater simply because it is their main source of irrigation water. The study found that 65% of downstream-irrigated croplands ( Mha or about 90 million acres, mostly in China, India, Pakistan, Mexico, and Iran) were highly dependent on urban wastewater flows. The land provided food for the billion.

Especially when untreated wastewater is used for crop irrigation, it poses substantial risks to public health, not only to the farmers, but also the surrounding communities and the consumers of the crops. The biggest risk to health is microbial risk which arises due to pathogens, i.e. disease-causing organisms, that are usually present in. Haroonabad or Harunabad (Punjabi, Urdu: ہارون آباد) is a tehsil (sub-district) in Bahawalnagar District of the Punjab Province of Pakistan. The town is the headquarters of Haroonabad Tehsil and administrative subdivision of the district.


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Health risks of irrigation with untreated urban wastereater in the southern Punjab, Pakistan by Sabiena Feenstra Download PDF EPUB FB2

Health risks of irrigation with untreated urban wastewater. Therefore, the International Water Management Institute started a study on benefits and costs of irrigation with urban wastewater in Pakistan. The survey described in this report was part of this study and focussed on the health risks of irrigation with urban wastewater due to.

To estimate the health risks of irrigation with urban wastewater, wastewater samples were analyzed and a cross sectional study was carried out in a farmer community that used untreated wastewater. BibTeX @INPROCEEDINGS{Feenstra00healthrisks, author = {Sabiena Feenstra and Raheela Hussain and Wim Van Der Hoek and Sabiena Feenstra and Raheela Hussain and Wim Van Der Hoek}, Health risks of irrigation with untreated urban wastereater in the southern Punjab = {Health risks of irrigation with untreated urban wastewater}, booktitle = {in the Southern Punjab, Pakistan.

IWMI Pakistan Report R Lahore, Pakistan: International Water Management Institute. Health risks of irrigation with untreated urban wastewater in the Southern Punjab, Pakistan. Institute of Public Health. Lahore and International Institute of Water Management (IWMI).Cited by: Health risks of irrigation with untreated urban wastewater in the southern Punjab, Pakistan.

Blumenthal UJ, Cifuentes E, Bennett S, Quigley M, Ruiz-Palacios by: But the municipal wastewater in urban and peri urban areas of Punjab are carrying excessive pollution loads of untreated industrial wastewater, which is becoming a source of subsurface contamination as well as health hazard, due to carriage of toxic chemicals and heavy metals through the drains, being released from the industries.

Pakistan Institute of legislative Development and Transparency (PIDAT) Issue of Water Resources in Pakistan. Briefing Paper for Pakistani Parliamentarians. Briefing paper No. Feenstra S., Hussain R & Van der Hoek W. Health Risks of Irrigation with Untreated Urban Wastewater in Southern Punjab.

Textile labourers living in the same village as the wastewater farmers showed a lower risk of hookworm infection than wastewater farmers but an increased risk compared with farming households using.

As part of a larger project on benefits and costs of untreated wastewater irrigation, we assessed the risk of intestinal helminth infections among farming families using wastewater compared with farming families not using wastewater and families not involved in farming at all in a peri-urban area of Faisalabad, Pakistan.

As part of a larger project on benefits and costs of untreated wastewater irrigation, we assessed the risk of intestinal helminth infections among farming families using wastewater compared with farming families not using wastewater and families not involved in farming at all in a peri-urban area of Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Health risks of irrigation with untreated urban wastewater in the southern Punjab, Pakistan By S. Feenstra, R. Hussain and W.

van der Hoek Download PDF ( KB). Health risk of irrigation with untreated urban wastewater in the southern Punjab, Pakistan. International Water Management Institute, Lahore, Report No.

pp. Untreated wastewater irrigation in Faisalabad is associated with an increased risk of hookworm (Ensink et al., ) and Giardia infection in occupationally and environmentally exposed households. Wastewater treatment to the water quality levels recommended by WHO would reduce the health risks associated with wastewater irrigation.

The health hazards associated with direct and indirect wastewater use are of two kinds: the rural health and safety problem for those working on the land or living on or near the land where the water is being used, and the risk that contaminated products from the wastewater use area may subsequently infect humans or animals through consumption.

Using wastewater for irrigation may contribute to solving the global water crisis, as agriculture is the biggest consumer of water. Whilst there are many advantages to this practice there are also major risks associated with unregulated use notably the human health hazard and. A case study was conducted to identify the environmental impacts of waste water use in a small town (Haroonabad) in Pakistan Punjab, and to estimate water and nutrient application deficiencies and suggest ways to make better use of waste water as a resource.

Three sites and nine fields were selected to monitor irrigation and nutrient applications and heavy metal build up. Water and Health. Addressing risks posed by unsustainable urbanization and agricultural intensification through innovations such as safe use of marginal quality water to produce and process higher quality food, with emphasis on urban and peri-urban agriculture.

A case study was conducted in Haroonabad, southern Punjab, Pakistan, to investigate the advantages and disadvantages of using treated and untreated waste water.

Information on costs and benefits associated with waste water use was obtained by monitoring a group of 20 waste water farmers and a group of 20 non-waste water farmers over a one-year period (April March ). Feenstra S, Hussain R, Van der Hoek W. International Water Management Institute and Institute of Public Health, Lahore “Health risks of irrigation with untreated urban wastewater in the Southern Punjab, Pakistan”, IWMI Pakistan Report No.

Pakistan, Ensink JH. MOSQUITO-RELATED HEALTH RISKS OF WASTEWATER TREATMENT PONDS IN PER-URBAN AREAS OF FAISALABAD, PAKISTAN approximately 80% of urban wastewater is used for irrigation (Cooper, ). Unfortunately, much of this is untreated or inadequately treated. Haroonabad in the southern Punjab, Pakistan was studied from July to September as part of.

Health risks of irrigation with untreated urban wastewater in the Southern Punjab, Pakistan Feenstra, S.; Hussain, R.; Van der, H.W. Accumulation of heavy metals in the soil due to annual dressings of sewage sludge.The highest risks were found to be associated with the use of untreated wastewater, while the use of partially treated wastewater was associated only with an increased risk of A.

lumbricoidesinfection. The use of untreated wastewater was also associated with a higher intensity of infection, especially for hookworm infection. Feenstra, S., Hussain, R.

and Van der Hoek, W. (); Health risks of irrigation with untreated urban wastewater in the southern Punjab, Pakistan Report no.International Water.